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July 10, 2012, National Bureau of Statistics announced this year's summer grain output. This year's summer grain Zongchandadao 2599 billion jin, an increase of 71.2 billion kg over the previous year, more than the highest level in history in 1997. This news is exciting, this hard-won achievements. Recently, the reporter interviewed some wheat experts to resolve this year's summer grain yield reasons.AcetamipridAcetamiprid,The experts say that the summer grain yield this year, thanks to good policy, science and technology, the real work days to help the various elements of the polymerization, all aspects of force ".
Policy to force. This year, the State Council attach great importance to food production, autumn and winter before last year, the State again raised and the early announcement of minimum purchase prices of wheat, wheat per kilogram increase of 7 assigned to the 9 cents, the release of a strong signal. The central budget for the first time set aside early in the autumn and winter sowing of agricultural subsidies and high yield funds, to support farmers for grain production. More importantly,AmetrynAmetryn,this spring tube and the outstanding problems in the spring production, the central timely introduction of wheat and a jet and three defenses "Disaster Prevention and Mitigation stable output subsidy policies of good laws, a clear point, targeting is very strong. Henan Agricultural University, Professor Guo Tiancai speaking, this year the central government allocated 1.6 billion yuan of funds, the main producing areas of winter wheat to the implementation of a jet and three defenses "full coverage,D-TetramethrinD-Tetramethrin,anti worm, anti-dry hot wind, anti-premature aging, extend the filling time, increase the strength of grout to improve the yield level played an important role. In particular, the later stage of growth in some areas in the prevention and control of wheat scab, aphids, midge hazards, production aspects contributed to detract from Paul. According to the Ministry of Agriculture, scheduling analysis, through the implementation of "a jet and three defenses" to reduce wheat yield losses of more than 90 billion kilograms. The survey of Hebei Province, the implementation of a spray of three "plots not sprayed plots, the average yield over 10%, skillfully deflected the question," the summer grain harvest has played a key role.
Technology to power. Continue to achieve year after year to increase production on the basis of yield, to rely on scientific and technological progress to improve yields. Agricultural sector In conclusion, in recent years to deal with on the basis of the experience of the snow and ice storms, drought, etc. to promote the key technology of a disaster prevention and mitigation high and stable yield, the focus is subsoiling and deep plowing, straw, precise and semi-precision sowing repression, poured winter water after sowing, a spray of three defense "technology, Enhanced drought antifreeze capacity, and promote the normal growth and development of wheat,FenpropathrinFenpropathrin,which is an important reason for winter wheat yield year after year. According to statistics, the country's 11 major wheat producing provinces (autonomous regions) deep loose soil preparation area last year reached 10,291 mu, 1807 mu, increase than last year; precise and semi-precision planting 16,648 acres more than last year by 321 million mu; repression 7105 million mu more than last year by 934 mu. A good foundation last year's autumn and winter sowing wheat group than enough, is an important basis for wheat production this year "three factors" increase in acres of panicles. According to the analysis of the Steering Group of the Ministry of Agriculture, wheat experts survey, the main producing areas of this year average of acres of panicles per 359,000, an increase of 15,500 over the previous year; which, Anhui 25000, 20000 in Hubei, Jiangsu 17000, Shandong 14500.
Measures to force. Before sowing in the fall of last year, the agricultural sector at all levels, early planning and early development of technical solutions, early implementation of policies and measures to promote the smooth development of the autumn and winter sowing. Especially for the tube in the spring of this year, the Ministry of Agriculture organized the implementation of the action of the "fighting sixty days of winning the summer grain harvest, guidance, partition forward, earnestly carry out the implementation of the measures. Wheat growth and development process and major changes in the weather, the Ministry of Agriculture wheat expert steering group to develop six wheat production technical guidance issued advice to farmers due to seedlings due to moisture in the implementation of key technologies. Season in key farming season, the agricultural sector organizations at all levels of officials and technicians from in-depth the production line, villages and households, the months of the film package, technical guidance services, improve the rate of the key technologies of the home to the Tian rate. The same time, vigorously carry out the production of wheat to create, first to implement the deep loose soil preparation, sowing after the suppression, disaster prevention and mitigation of a jet and three defenses "key technologies, demonstration of the equilibrium yield of a large area. This year, the high yield of wheat mu demonstrative 2400, an increase of 850 over the previous year, the demonstration site average yield of 450-500 kg, more than 30 percent higher than the national average yield of wheat; also emerged Qihe, Hebei Zhao County,Pirimiphos-MethylPirimiphos-Methyl,Henan Huaxian number of county wheat average yield over jin high yield of the entire organizational pilot counties.
Weather to force. Food production is the process of natural reproduction and economic reproduction, greatly influenced by the weather. This year's summer grain production season, the weather conditions are conducive to wheat growth and development. Shijiazhuang Agriculture and Forestry Research Institute of Guo into the test, the researchers said: "stable last winter and spring temperatures, the temperature rise slow freezing injury in recent years, lighter, more perennial spring tillering; spring light warm water to match the better to catch the main stem as' tillering catch the big tillers, small tillers' conditions; tillering panicle rate, a general increase in acres of panicles, played a decisive role in the promotion of wheat yield. "Zhao Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences Division before the researcher said:" wheat harvest in three 80 rain, every game this year, do not pull, in particular the timing of the main producing areas of rainfall and wheat growth and development needs very much in line before sowing in the fall of last year, most of the winter wheat region precipitation 4-5 into the high side than the same period the year, wheat is generally enough moisture seeding; in late March of this year, successive effective precipitation, and promote plant growth and development; a wide range of precipitation in late April, replenish soil moisture to promote grain filling, and very conducive to the formation of wheat production. "generally reflected throughout enough precipitation this year, good soil moisture, and hamstrung in the past dryland wheat this year, growing generally in the perennial, tall panicles and more, large ears, particle saturation. Northwest Science and Technology University of Agriculture and Professor Zhang Baojun: 7800 mu of dry land wheat this year, most of them grow the level of the irrigated land, to achieve a dry land, irrigated equilibrium yield of summer grain yield outstanding contributions. "
Summer grain "Nine Feng, winter wheat September Lianzeng result of the parties to work together, Inf. Agricultural sector at all levels and the vast majority of technicians from the joy of summer grain harvest will come, strengthen confidence, make persistent efforts to tackle tough effort to win the harvest of early rice and autumn, and go all out to achieve the annual grain production to ensure that the "Nine Feng" to fight " nine Lianzeng goals.