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Since the beginning of this year, due to the impact of El Niño and parts of high pressure and reduced rainfall and other climatic factors, more than 100 countries around the world is experiencing the threat of varying degrees of drought, resulting in food production and lead to global food security concerns.
According to the latest data of the U.S. Aluminium PhosphideAluminium Phosphide,National Drought Mitigation Center Drought test items, the United States about 50 percent of the area suffered moderate to severe drought, about 8.64 percent of the land area experienced its worst drought. U.S. Bureau of Meteorology drought experts, Matthew 罗森克兰斯 said, if not rain in mid-July, American farmers could face disaster. Asia North Korea also is experiencing a case of a severe drought in 60 years, 290,000 hectares of farmland were affected. PropoxurPropoxur,Europe is also subjected to the attacks of a wide range of dry and hot disaster, including drought in the UK for the past 30 years the most serious, nearly 1/3 of the region in France to take water restrictions due to drought, Germany, Europe's second largest wheat producer of wheat drought forced to total output down to 3.2 million tons, a decline of nearly 10%. Due to severe drought in eastern Africa region has a large number of livestock due to lack of water of death and the food crisis. Quizalofop-P-EthylQuizalofop-P-Ethyl,Global wheat production in mid-June by the U.S. Department of Agriculture projections indicate that the food end of the year to June 1, 2013, global wheat stocks are projected for 1.8506 million tons, the figure decreased by 6.1% over the previous year, the highest since 2007, the largest decline. This means that global wheat supplies are tight.
Grain production caused by drought in the various natural disasters. The severe drought is not only a direct impact on food production, leading to rising food prices, but will also prevent the grain trade, lead to serious food security issues. This year's severe drought hit areas, are the major grain producing areas and the major exporting regions, corn, FenitrothionFenitrothion,wheat and other crops is significantly reduced. As the world's largest corn and wheat exporting countries, the poor harvest in the United States on the one hand may lead to rising food prices will also dampen U.S. exports on the basis of agricultural prosperity. In fact, by no means the United States, the National, a drought has affected wheat production in Russia, endanger India's grain harvest, is likely to India to restore five years ago, the food export restrictions.
On the one hand, food security is a country's own thing, prevent arid rely Governments building water conservancy projects, improvement of farming systems, upgrade the mix of crops and application of modern technology and water-saving measures. However, on the other hand, the increasingly frequent severe drought, has already become the world need to face problems. Be noted that the challenges faced by the world food security and natural disasters is not just some man-made factors, Diethyl carbonateDiethyl carbonate,such as speculation, trade barriers, as well as the policy of the Government's intention to reduce world food stocks, in many cases also contributed to food price rise, resulting in global food supply and demand imbalances.
The strategic attributes of food and constantly enhance the developing countries must take the right food development strategy and tactics, increase investment, the establishment and expansion of food reserves, food initiative firmly in their own hands. For now, to strengthen the collaboration between the United Nations FAO, the World Food Programme (WFP), World Meteorological Organization and other international institutions, international and national levels, to establish a more coherent and effective food security system of governance, which is in the number and quality both one of the possible ways to ensure world food security